Mar 11, 2005· The dissolution of ammonium, magnesium, potassium, or sodium salts into the groundwater pose a threat to drinking water supplies.Ammonium perchlorate is used in the manufacture of rocket and missile propellant, road flares and fireworks. It serves as a source of oxygen for solid rocket propellant. Perchlorate salts are
The invention concerns a method for making anhydrous sodium perchlorate whereby an aqueous sodium perchlorate solution, directly derived from electrolysis of an aqueous sodium chlorate solution, is subjected to vacuum evaporation. The invention also concerns anhydrous sodium perchlorate crystals which preserve good pourability and methods for making them.
Sodium perchlorate is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Na ClO 4.It is a white crystalline, hygroscopic solid that is highly soluble in water and in alcohol. It is usually encountered as the monohydrate.The compound is noteworthy as the most water-soluble of the common perchlorate salts.. Sodium perchlorate is present on the planet Mars.
The commercial ammonium perchlorate product is manufactured by the double-exchange reaction of sodium perchlorate and ammonium chloride. Ammonia, hydrochloric acid, and sodium perchlorate are mixed and the reaction mixture crystallized in a vacuum-cooled crystallizer. Ammonium perchlorate crystals are centrifuged, reslurried, recentrifuged, and then dried and blended for shipment.
Alibaba offers 211 make sodium chlorate products. About 57% of these are chlorate. A wide variety of make sodium chlorate options are available to you, such as industrial grade, agriculture grade, and food grade.
There are various ways to manufacture the Chlorates and Perchlorates, the most usual being electrolysis. The key component is the Anode. Anodes for making Chlorate and Perchlorate are Platinum and Lead Dioxide. Anodes that make Chlorate ONLY are Graphite, Mixed Metal Oxide (MMO) and Magnetite.
Perchlorate may occur naturally, particularly in arid regions such as the southwestern United States (Rao and others 2007). Manufactured forms of perchlorate include perchloric acid and salts such as ammonium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate and potassium perchlorate …
Perchlorate is both a naturally occurring and manmade anion that is typically found in the form of perchloric acid and salts such as ammonium perchlorate, potassium perchlorate, and sodium perchlorate. Ammonium perchlorate, an oxidizer, is the most prevalent form of this compound; has been widely used in solid propellants, fireworks, and flares .
Jun 01, 2012· Sodium chlorate (NaClO3) is not sodium perchlorate (NaClO4). Although sodium chlorate can be made from sodium hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide, the reaction never seem so go beyond 60% of possible product. This is what amateurs might use in home-made pyrotechnics.
Aug 27, 2012· While making perchloric acid may seem a very dangerous, cumbersome way to make other perchlorates it is quite easy to make from sodium perchlorate (a water solution) and conc. HCl (easy to obtain). It's OK if the Na perk. has some chlorate in it, a few % say, as the chlorate will be all destroyed in the processs.
perchlorate-containing commercial explosives and blasting agents are used in specialized high pressure, high energy applications. These products are manufactured and used specifically as an alternative to nitroglycerin (NG) based explosives products. Accordingly, given that NG-based explosives make up approximately 0.4% of the total
Apr 24, 2017· Potassium perchlorate (KClO4) is an inorganic substance belonging to the perchlorate family of salts. It is typically found as a crystalline, colorless solid and is used in numerous industrial applications. KClO4 is manufactured by the reaction of KCl with sodium perchlorate. Potassium perchlorate is a strong oxidizer .
How to make Sodium Perchlorate (This is a compilation from different websites that has been edited for grammar and added to for clarity) Sodium Perchlorate is not …
The sodium chlorate crystals containing some sodium perchlorate crystals are recycled to the melter to supplement the make-up sodium chlorate introduced into the process. The advantages of my process will be apparent. Sodium perchlorate is produced without the employment of platinum for electrodes, as required in the electrochemical process.
Sep 20, 2015· Potassium perchlorate is purified by crystallization from hot water. Yield is about 30 grams. A few crystals of potassium perchlorate should give no yellow color of chlorine when treated with a few drops of concentrated hydrochloric acid. Also, potassium perchlorate should be …
Potassium perchlorate is an oxidizer used in ammunition, fireworks, flash grenades and explosives primers. It can be used as a rocket propellant, but has been replaced by ammonium perchlorate in most modern rocketry applications. Potassium perchlorate also has limited medical use.
Potassium perchlorate is prepared industrially by treating an aqueous solution of sodium perchlorate with potassium chloride. This single precipitation reaction exploits the low solubility of KClO 4, which is about 1/100 as much as the solubility of NaClO 4 (209.6 g/100 mL at 25 °C).
Properties. Potassium perchlorate is a colorless crystalline solid. It dissolves in water only a little. It is an oxidizing agent.It can react with glucose to make carbon dioxide, potassium chloride, and water.It can be mixed with sulfur, while potassium chlorate cannot safely be mixed.. Preparation. It is made by reacting potassium chloride with sodium perchlorate.
Apr 16, 2008· Is there a way to make Potassium perchlorate from Potassium chlorate, or would it be easier to make it from mixing solutions of Sodium perchlorate and Potassium chloride? Also, the latter causes the formation not only of Potassium perchlorate but also Sodium chloride. How would I …
Apr 24, 2017· Sodium chlorite is used commercially to bleach fabrics and paper and to purify and disinfect municipal water. Homeowners use sodium chlorite as an anti-fouling agent for water and a precursor for other flammable or explosive chemicals. There are many different ways to make sodium chlorite. Commercially, chlorine .
CHLORATES AND PERCHLORATES Amazingly, chlorates and per chlorates can be produced through a simple electrochemical process from simples salts. Sodium Chloride (table salt) and Potassium chloride (another type of salt found on ) are the two most common. The salts are dissolved in boiling hot water until no more salt will dissolve.
Sodium perchlorate can also be prepared by thermal decomposition of sodium chlorate, yielding sodium chloride as side product. Since the sodium perchlorate can also decompose and the sodium chlorate can give off oxygen without making perchlorate, this can be a lossy way to produce this compound. 4 NaClO 3 → NaCl + 3 NaClO 4. The reaction is .
Sodium chlorate is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Na ClO 3.It is a white crystalline powder that is readily soluble in water. It is hygroscopic.It decomposes above 300 °C to release oxygen and leave sodium chloride.Several hundred million tons are produced annually, mainly for applications in bleaching paper.
While it's not the most efficient chemical reaction, it's simple to make potassium chlorate by boiling bleach, cooling it, and mixing in a saturated solution of salt substitute in water. The synthesis works because potassium from the salt substitute displaces sodium from the sodium …
Apr 24, 2017· It is typically found as a crystalline, colorless solid and is used in numerous industrial applications. KClO4 is manufactured by the reaction of KCl with sodium perchlorate. Potassium perchlorate is a strong oxidizer and creates an explosive force on reaction with organic compounds (carbon-containing compounds such as sugars and plastics).
Learn more about Sodium perchlorate monohydrate. We enable science by offering product choice, services, process excellence and our people make it happen.
Potassium perchlorate can be created through an industrial process where a solution of sodium perchlorate and Potassium Chloride is processed. With the proper ion exchange, exploitation of Potassium Perchlorate's low solubility occurs at a level that is many times lower than that of sodium perchlorate.
Using Sodium Percarbonate a dry granulated form of hydrogen peroxide. Sodium percarbonate is very neat stuff. It is a powder that releases hydrogen peroxide, and it is very concentrated.. To be complete, sodium percarbonate releases hydrogen peroxide and soda ash. As we know, hydrogen peroxide breaks down into oxygen and water. As you may expect, then, sodium percarbonate breaks down into .
Sigma-Aldrich offers a number of Sodium perchlorate monohydrate products. View information & documentation regarding Sodium perchlorate monohydrate, including CAS, MSDS & more.
Sodium perchlorate in high concentrations will remove from solution the detergent sodium dodecyl sulphate and protein complexed with it. This and the failure of proteins to be precipitated by .